Bible Study

Home Page
Bible Study
Contact Us
Middle School
Past Pastors
Photo Gallery

Message Box




Rev. Dr. C. T. Kirkland, Pastor

God’s Unbelievable Love

(Part I / Romans 5:1-5)

 The Results of Justification, 5:1-5

(5:1-5) Introduction:  man is blessed by God through justification, blessed beyond all imagination.  Justification and its results are gloriously covered in this passage of Scripture.

1.      Justification is by faith (v.1)

2.      There is peace with God (v.1)

3.      There is access into the grace, the favor and the presence of God (v.2)

4.      There is hope for the glory of God (v.2)

5.      There is glory in trials and sufferings (v.3-5)

6.      There is the continuous experience of God’s love through the indwelling Spirit (v.5)

  1 (5:1) Justification (diakioun): to count someone righteous.   It means to reckon, to credit, to account, to judge, to treat, to look upon as righteous.  It does not mean to make a man righteous.  All Greek verbs which end in “oun” mean not to make someone something, but merely to count, to judge, to treat someone as something.

There are three major points to note about justification.

1.                  Why justification is necessary:

a.                  Justification is necessary because of the sin and alienation of man.  Man has rebelled against God and taken his life into his own hands.  Man lives, as he desires.

v     Fulfilling the craving of sinful man, the lust of his eyes.

v     Clinging to the boasting of what he has and does.

v     Clutching to everything in the world.

  Man has become sinful and ungodly, and enemy of God, pushing God out of his life and wanting little if anything to do with God.  Man has separated and alienated himself from God.

b.                  Justification is necessary because of the anger and wrath of God.  “God.. expresses His wrath everyday” (Ps 7:11).  Sin has aroused God’s anger and wrath.

  God is angry over man’s…..

v     Rebellion

v     Hostility

v     Ungodliness

v     Unrighteousness

v     Sin

v     Desertion

  Man has turned his back upon God, pushing God away and having little to do with Him.  Man has not made God the center of his life; man has broken his relationship with God.  Therefore, the greatest need in man’s life is to discover the answer to the question: How can the relationship between man and God be restored?

2 (5:1) Peace – Justification: the first result of justification is peace with God.

1.                  The meaning of peace with God is striking.  Peace with God does not mean escapism, a quiet atmosphere, the absence of trouble, the control of situations by positive thinking, the denial of problems, the ability to keep from facing reality.  Peace with God means the sense and knowledge…

v     That one has restored his relationship with God.

v     That one is no longer alienated and separated from God.

v     That one is now reconciled with God.

v     That one is now accepted by God

v     That one is freed from the wrath and judgment of God.

v     That one is freed from fearing God’s wrath and judgment.

v     That one is now pleasing God.

v     That one is at peace with God.

  2.                  The source of peace is Jesus Christ.  Men can have peace with God only because of Jesus Christ.  It is He who reconciles men to God.  He has made peace by the blood of His cross (see notes, Atonement – Romans 3:25).

  3      (5:2) Access – Grace: the second result of justification is access into the grace of God.

  1.                  Grace (charis) means a gift or a favor, an unmerited and undeserved gift or favor (see notes, Grace – Romans. 4:16,other study on Titus 2:11-15 for more discussion).  In the present passage grace is looked upon as a place or a position.  Grace is a place to which we are brought a position into which we are placed.  It is the place of God’s presence, the position of salvation.  The person who is justified.

v     Stands in God’s presence.

v     Stands before God saved.

v     Stands in the favor of God.

v     Stands in the privileges of God.

v     Stands in the promises of God.

  2.                  Note it is through Christ that we have access into this grace.  The word “access” (prosagogen) means to bring to, to move to, to introduce, to present.  The thought is that of being in a royal court and being presented and introduced to the King of kings, Jesus Christ is the One who throws open the door into God’s presence.  He is the One who presents us to God, the Sovereign Majesty of the universe.

  I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved.  He will come in and go out, and find pasture. (John 10:9)

Through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand.  And we rejoice in the hope of the glory of God. (Roman 5:2)

4      (5:2) Hope:  the third result of justification is hope, hope for the glory of God (see notes, Rewards – Romans 2:6-10: Deeper Study on Glory – Romans 2:7: Deeper Study on 3:23 for discussion and verses).  Note that the hope of the believers is for the glory of God.

  1.         When Scripture speaks of the believer’s hope, it does not mean what the world means by hope.  The hope of the world is a desire, a want.  The world hopes – wants, desires – the something will happen.  But this is not the hope of the believer.  The hope of the believer is surety: it is perfect assurance, confidence, and knowledge.  How can hope be so absolute and assured?  By being an inward possession.  The believer’s hope is based upon the presence of God’s Spirit who dwells within the believer.  In fact, the believer possesses the hope of glory only by the Spirit of God who dwells within him  (see Deeper Study on Hope – Romans 8:24-25 for more detailed discussion).

5      (5:3-5) Trials – Suffering: the fourth result of justification is glory in trials and sufferings.  When a man is truly justified, he is no longer defeated by trials and suffering.  Trials and sufferings no longer discourage and swamp him, no longer cast him down into the dungeon of despair and hopelessness.  The very opposite is true.  Trials and sufferings become purposeful and meaningful.  The truly justified man knows…

  v       That his life and welfare are completely under God’s care and watchful eye.

v       Therefore, whatever events come into his life – whether good or bad – they are allowed by God for a reason.  The justified man knows that God will take the trials and sufferings of this world and work them out for good, even if God has to twist and move every event surrounding the believer.

  This passage explains the great benefits of trials and suffering; it shows exactly how the trials and sufferings of life work good for us.  The word “trials’ or “sufferings” (thlipsis) means pressure, oppression, affliction, and distress.  It means to be pressed together ever so tightly.  It means all kinds of pressure ranging from the day to day pressures over to the pressure of confronting the most serious afflictions even that of death itself.

“I have told you these things, so that in me you may have peace.  In this world you will have trouble.  But take heart! I have overcome the world.” (John 16:33)


God's Unbelievable Love - Part 2

The Great Depth of Justification

(Part II / Romans 5:6-11)

 Romans 5:6-11 Introduction – Love (agape): This passage discusses God’s unbelievable love.  It shows the great depth of justification.  The passage also gives one of the clearest definitions of agape love.  It actually shows the meaning of agape love.  Agape love goes much farther than phileo love.  Phileo love is brotherly love, a love that gives itself for a brother.  But agape love is a new kind of love: it is a godly love, a sacrificial love, a love that gives itself for those powerless (Romans 5:6), for the ungodly (Romans 5:6), for sinners (Romans 5:8), and for enemies (Romans 5:10) (see note – John 21:15-17).


1.      We were ungodly and powerless, yet Christ died for us (v. 6-7)

2.      We were sinners, yet God demonstrated His love for us (v. 8-9)

3.      We were enemies, yet God reconciled and saved us (v. 10-11)

 1 (5:6-7) Jesus Christ, Death – Man, State of God, Love of: we were ungodly and powerless, yet Christ died for us.  God’s great love is seen in this unbelievable act.

We were “powerless” (asthenon): weak, worthless, useless, helpless, destitute, without strength.  We were spiritually worthless and useless and unable to help ourselves.


It was at “just the right time” (kata kairon) that Christ died for us.  It was in God’s appointed time: His destined time, appropriate time.  Men had to be prepared for Christ before God could send Him in to the world.  Men had to learn that they were without strength and ungodly, that they needed a Savior.  (This was the purpose of the Old Testament and the law, to show men that they were sinful. See outline and note – Romans 4:14-15.)


Christ died for us.  The word “for” (nuper) means for our benefit, for our sake, in our behalf, in our stead, as our substitute.  (See note and Deeper Study in Mark 10:45.)

a)     Christ died as our sacrifice.


God’s love is an uncommon and an unbelievable love.  Just think about the illustration given.  Some persons attempt to save people who are caught in some desperate tragedy and others offer their lives to represent leaders in their great purpose.

God proves His love by saving us from wrath (see notes and Deeper Study on God’s Wrath – Roman 1:18)

God proves His love by justification through the blood of Christ (see notes – Romans 5:1 – 3:25 for discussion) 

2      (5:8-9) Jesus Christ, Death – Man, State of – God, Love of: we were sinners, yet God proved His love to us.  The word “demonstrates” (sunistemi) means to show, prove, exhibit, demonstrates.  It is the present tense: God is always showing and proving His love to us.  The word “sinners” (hamartolon) refers to a man who is sinful, the man who sins….

·        By disobeying God’s Word and will (cp. Romans 1:29-31).

·        By living selfishly.

·        By ignoring God’s commandments.

·        By doing his own thing.

·        By the cravings of sinful man and the lust of the eyes.

·        By boasting of what he has and does.

 3      (5:10-11) Reconciliation – Jesus Christ, Death – Man, State of – God, Love of: we were enemies, yet God has reconciled and saved us.  God reconciles and saves us by doing three things.

i)        God reconciles s by Christ’s death (see Deeper Study in Romans 5:10 for discussion).

ii)      God saves us by Christ’s life.  “His life” means the life of the living Lord.  Christ stands before God as our great Intercessor and Mediator.  Standing before God, He stands as the Sinless and Righteous Son of God, as the Ideal and Perfect Man.  When we believe in Christ, God takes our belief and counts it as righteousness.  The Ideal Righteousness of Christ covers us, and God accepts and saves us because we trust Christ as the living Lord, as our Intercessor and Mediator before God.  (1John 1:9-10)

iii)    God gives us joy through the reconciliation of Christ.  A person who receives so much from God is bound to be filled with joy and rejoicing (see note, Joy – Philippians 1:4 for discussion).

2002 North Rome Tampa, FL 33607  Phone 813 253-5714 Fax 813 254-1441